Over the last decades Poland has dramatically decreased its production and use of coal. However, as impressive as these achievements are, Poland is far from eliminating or drastically curtailing coal in its energy mix. This is predicated upon several types of considerations that include: coal’s legacy, socio-political factors, and energy security concerns. Importantly, these factors are not unique to Poland. And as the world strives to eradicate CO2 emissions, we should see them emerge as increasingly important part of the climate change discourse.