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ARCHIVIO | 2 ARTICOLI

Who Took the Burden of Energy Crisis?

In 2022, the European Union experienced the most severe energy crisis in decades. When the EU backed Ukraine against Russia’s invasion, the reduced gas flows towards the EU pushed prices upwards. Therefore, an unexpected surge in electricity, heating and transport fuel prices hit households and businesses. As price spikes spread all over the economy, these effects created an inflationary trend that threatened vulnerable income groups and brought into sharp focus their distributional impacts. The EU promptly created a legislative framework to tackle the crisis. EU Members States (Member States) shortly followed, collectively introducing 657-billion-euros-worth of national temporary measures to reduce the burden of energy prices. Although such measures were similar, their effects were different due to Member States’ social, economic and political contexts.  In a joint study, the Basque Centre of Climate Change (BC3) and the Institute of European Environmental Policy (IEEP) found evidence of the social impacts of the energy crisis across EU Members States.

Su chi è ricaduto il peso della crisi energetica?

Nel 2022, l’Unione Europea ha vissuto la più grave crisi energetica degli ultimi decenni. Il supporto riconosciuto all’Ucraina a fronte dell’invasione russa e la conseguente riduzione dei flussi di gas verso l’UE hanno spinto i prezzi della materia prima a livelli record. Ciò si è tradotto in un aumento inatteso dei prezzi dell’elettricità, dell’energia per uso riscaldamento e dei carburanti per i trasporti che ha interessato famiglie e imprese. Man mano che i prezzi elevati colpivano i diversi settori economici, andava delineandosi una tendenza inflazionistica critica per le classi di reddito vulnerabili, evidenziandone gli impatti distributivi.

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